Wednesday, 06.08.14 (249 views)

Data Protection Act

Data Protection Act

What are the policies of data protection act 1998?

Data protection actof 1998 was being introduced in the year 2000 and one of the major purposes of this act is to cater protection to the privacy and rights of individuals so no personal data can be processed by any company without their consent or knowledge. This act is applicable for hand and electronically generated data of individuals. The school of oriental and African studies or SOAS, University of London founded in the year 1916, a public research university in London, has been established them as the most efficient data controller which is mainly responsible in controlling the activities of external data-processors so that the personal information of the individuals can be effectively protected.
Principles of data protection
  • Personal data must be processed in a lawful and fair manner. In this case, the personal interests of the individuals must be well-protected legally along with SAOS’s interests.
  • Personal data must be acquired for any lawful or specified purpose but further processing of those details without that particular purpose is not permissible legally by the data protection act especially without the consent the individuals.
  • Only requisite amount of personal data needs to be collected by avoiding taking excess data which is not at all related with the specific purpose.
  • Only accurate and up-to-date personal data needs to be processed each time rather than extracting data from old records.
  • SAOS always ensures to the individuals that their personal data will not be kept for a longer time after the completion of the specified purpose.
  • The rights for personal- data processing as directed by the data protection act must be always abided by the processing company for the safety of the common public.
  • The unlawful or unauthorized personal-data processing can be effectively controlled or prevented by means of implementing appropriate organizational and technical measures under this act. These measures are implemented for the sake of preventing any accidental loss, and damage or destruction of the personal data.
  • There is no provision within this act for the unauthorized transferring of personal data to any territory or country which is outside the area limit of European Union until that territory or country ensures adequate protection level for freedom and rights of data-subjects relating to personal-data processing.
What form of personal data need to be processed?
  • Any company is allowed to process the personal data of its customers only when the customers have willingly provided the information and they are well-aware of those details.
  • The customers can check and verify their details at any point of time and ask the company to show the details and the company needs to show the same to them without any hesitation.
  • If identification oriented personal data is stored where the customer is not willing to get identified, then that will be regarded as a crime and the data processing will be regarded as an illegal act or unauthorized.
  • In case of processing personal data of any deceased individual, the company needs to specify the purpose and ask for processing permission to the family members otherwise the data cannot be processed.

Inaccurate data records need to be replaced

Personal data always keep on changing from time to time and that is the reason the recorded data about individuals need to be regularly upgraded by means of conducting proper survey. Local government conducts this type of survey quite often for making the data updated about each individual.

If any inaccurate personal data is found then that needs to be replaced and updated immediately for preserving the interests and protection of the individuals. Suppose you have changed your previous address or you have separated from your spouse, then in that case only updated information needs to be included within the government for example tax purposes and other records otherwise you may end up paying more tax than necessary. You can produce the current identity proofs showing the changes so that the records can be corrected immediately. If the records still shows wrong information, then you have got the right to complain to the information commissioner so that necessary steps or measures can be taken by the authority as per the provisions of data protection act.

Identity damaging information needs to be replaced

If you find out that the recoded information from any organization might damage you or your identity, then you can of course requested the organization to change or replace the data otherwise necessary steps under data protection act will be taken. For your safety, you can also get into any legal or official contract with the organization so that the legal aspect regarding the data can be effectively abided under all circumstances. In this case, with the breach of the legal contract, necessary legal steps can be taken for removing all sorts of legal obligations. You can also approach to the information commissioner and can launch a complaint against the organization under section 4 of this specific act.

Personal information cannot be marketed

If you somehow found that your personal information is getting marketed or shared by any organization without your consent with the help of e-mails or other marketing means, then in that case you must prevent the organization in doing so. As per sections 13 provisions of data protection act no organization can advertise or market your personal data without your consent otherwise the organization will be either penalized or punished for misuse of data. You can also take necessary help from the service of mail preference and can register your accurate details so that your details can not be accessed in a wrong way by any other organization. In this manner, junk mails containing unsolicited or unauthorized marketing information can be effectively prevented. In this manner, the unauthorized data processing can be easily prevented and necessary steps can be taken against the organisation.
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